Trump, Patriarchy and the Sexual Politics of Meat

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Recently, as I was watching Democracy Now!, I listened to the released tape of Donald Trump making typical sexist remarks about women with Billy Bush (W and Jeb’s cousin) back in 2005. The revealed audio tape goes as this:

UNIDENTIFIED: She’s still very beautiful.

DONALD TRUMP: I moved on her, actually. You know, she was down in Palm Beach. I moved on her. And I failed. I’ll admit it.

UNIDENTIFIED: Whoa!

DONALD TRUMP: I did try and [bleep]. She was married.

UNIDENTIFIED: That’s huge news there!

DONALD TRUMP: No, no, Nancy. No, this was—and I moved on her very heavily. In fact, I took her out furniture shopping. She wanted to get some furniture. I said, « I’ll show you where they have some nice furniture. » I took her out furniture—I moved on her like a bitch, but I couldn’t get there. And she was married. Then all of a sudden I see her; she’s now got the big phony tits and everything. She’s totally changed her look.

BILLY BUSH: Sheesh, you girl’s hot as [bleep]. In the purple.

DONALD TRUMP: Whoa!

BILLY BUSH: Yes!

DONALD TRUMP: Whoa!

BILLY BUSH: Yes! The Donald has scored!

DONALD TRUMP: Whoa!

BILLY BUSH: Whoa, my man! Wait, wait, you’ve got to look at me when you get out and be like—

UNIDENTIFIED: Just remember who set this up. Just remember.

BILLY BUSH: Will you give me the thumbs up?

DONALD TRUMP: That is very funny. Look at you. You are a pussy.

BILLY BUSH: You’ve got to put the thumbs up. You’ve got to give the thumbs up.

UNIDENTIFIED: You can’t be too happy, man.

BILLY BUSH: You’ve got to give the thumbs up.

DONALD TRUMP: All right, you and I will walk in.

BILLY BUSH: Oh, my god!

DONALD TRUMP: Maybe it’s a different one.

BILLY BUSH: It better not be the publicist. No, it’s her. It’s her.

DONALD TRUMP: Yeah, that’s her, with the gold. I’ve got to use some Tic Tacs just in case I start kissing her. You know, I’m automatically attracted to beautiful—I just start kissing them. It’s like a magnet. I just kiss. I don’t even wait. And when you’re a star, they let you do it. You can do anything.

BILLY BUSH: Whatever you want.

DONALD TRUMP: Grab ’em by the pussy. You can do anything.

BILLY BUSH: Look at those legs. All I can see is the legs.

DONALD TRUMP: Oh, looks good.

BILLY BUSH: Come on, shorty.

DONALD TRUMP: Ooh, nice legs, huh?

BILLY BUSH: Oof, get out of the way, honey. Oh, that’s good legs. Go ahead.

DONALD TRUMP: It’s always good if you don’t fall out of the bus. Like Ford, Gerald Ford. Remember?

BILLY BUSH: Down below. Pull the handle.

DONALD TRUMP: Hello. How are you? Hi.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Hi, Mr. Trump. How are you? Pleasure to meet you.

DONALD TRUMP: Nice seeing you.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Pleasure to meet you.

DONALD TRUMP: Terrific. Terrific. You know Billy Bush?

ARIANNE ZUCKER: How are you?

BILLY BUSH: Hello. Nice to see you. How are you doing, Arianne?

ARIANNE ZUCKER: I’m doing very well. Thank you. Are you ready to be a soap star?

DONALD TRUMP: We’re ready. Let’s go. Make me a soap star.

BILLY BUSH: How about a little hug for the Donald? He just got off the bus.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Would you like a little hug, darling?

DONALD TRUMP: OK, absolutely. Melania said this was OK.

BILLY BUSH: How about a little hug for the Bushy? I just got off the bus.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Oh, Bushy, Bushy.

BILLY BUSH: There we go. Excellent. Well, you’ve got a nice co-star here.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Yes, absolutely.

DONALD TRUMP: Good. After you. Come on, Billy. Don’t be shy.

BILLY BUSH: As soon as a beautiful woman shows up, he just—he takes off on me. This always happens.

DONALD TRUMP: Get over here, Billy.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: I’m sorry. Come here.

BILLY BUSH: Let the little guy in here. Come on.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Yeah, let the little guy in. How you feel now? Better?

BILLY BUSH: It’s hard to walk next to a guy like this.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: I should actually be in the middle. Here, wait. Hold on.

BILLY BUSH: Yeah, you get in the middle. There we go.

DONALD TRUMP: Good. That’s better.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: This is much better. This is—

DONALD TRUMP: That’s better.

BILLY BUSH: Now, if you had to choose, honestly, between one of us—me or the Donald—who would it be?

DONALD TRUMP: I don’t know. That’s tough competition.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: That’s some pressure right there.

BILLY BUSH: Seriously, you had to take one of us as a date.

ARIANNE ZUCKER: I have to take the Fifth on that one.

BILLY BUSH: Really?

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Yup. I’ll take both.

DONALD TRUMP: Which way?

ARIANNE ZUCKER: Make a right. Here we go. Right on The Days.

BILLY BUSH: Here he goes. I’m going to leave you here.

DONALD TRUMP: OK.

BILLY BUSH: Give me my microphone.

DONALD TRUMP: OK. You’re going to—oh, you’re finished?

 

Donald Trump, being his usual « open self », actually did a favor to women everywhere by revealing what a lot of men say behind closed doors, behind their wife’s or girlfriend’s backs, and by showing how patriarchy is still very much embedded in our culture. It is not surprising really, as Carol Adams pointed out in her preface to the Twentieth Anniversary of The Sexual Politics of Meat, mentioning Susan Faludi’s The Terror Dream about Rudy Giuliani (who strongly supports Trump):

« As Susan Faludi shows in The Terror Dream, after 9/11 the media hyped John Wayne-like masculinity, Superman-like male powers, and the hypervirility of rescuers and politicians. Thus we learned that, after the World Trade Centers fell, the first meal Mayor Giuliani wolfed down was a sandwich made of « meats that sweat ». Where there is (anxious) virility, one will find meat eating. »

But Trump is not alone of course. A few months ago when actress and activist Pamela Anderson showed up with Captain Paul Watson in the French senate to oppose Foie-Gras and the destruction of the ocean, all the sexist politicians rose up to the occasion, first to get their pictures with her and then to make the most sexist and speciesist comments. Because the two don’t function without each other, I noted two of them in particular which I translate here:

  • « No silicon in my foie-gras »
  • « This is the Assembly, we’re not here for clowns and chicks. »

These guys, whatever their country of origin have all the same thing in common. It doesn’t matter where they’re from, they are male (usually white) and they flank their patriarchal entitlement which oppresses women and non-human animals.

Trump speaking of « pussy »and « legs » is similar to those calling a cow’s or a hen’s body parts « breasts », « legs », it’s about reducing women or non human animals (mostly female animals since the animal industry wouldn’t exist without their reproductive abilities) as consumable. As Carol Adams says it very well in her preface:

« The process of viewing another as consumable, as something, is usually invisible to us. Its invisibility occurs because it corresponds to the view of the dominant culture. The process is also invisible to us because the end product of the process – the object of consumption – is available everywhere. »

What Trump and the French politicians did was shine a light (not willingly obviously) on the rampant unspoken subjects of our cultures, the patriarchal entitlement over women and animals. Animal agriculture, as Will Tuttle perfectly demonstrated in The World Peace Diet, was started by men about 10,000 years ago and the oppression of women with it.

Trump did us a favor by (unwillingly) exposing also the hypocrisy of others. Let’s not forget that he says openly with his sexism what most Republicans (and a lot of Democrats) say behind closed doors and wouldn’t admit publicly. When vice-presidential nominees Tim Kaine and Mike Pence squared off in their only debates and were asked about their religions, abortion and women’s reproductive rights in general was put to the forefront of the discussion (again by two white males who think they know better than women). Green Party’s vice-presidential nominee, Ajamu Baraka, called them « sexists ». No wonder, both Republican and Democratic parties exclude third party candidates, they might say a few truths.

The oppression of  women is more subtle than Trump’s overt sexist speeches, politicians use laws to restrict women’s control over their bodies. For instance, after Texas voted very restrictive abortion laws, over half of the clinics closed down. And for those who think that would support the anti-abortion side, according to the The Atlantic, « Between 100,000 and 240,000 Texas women between the ages of 18 and 49 have tried to end a pregnancy by themselves, according to a pair of surveys released Tuesday by the Texas Policy Evaluation Project, a University of Texas-based effort aimed at determining the impact of the state’s reproductive policies. »

Patriarchy treats women as children incapable of making their own decisions about THEIR bodies. These laws, whether you agree with them or not, are made by mostly white older males who think they know better than women what women should do about their reproductive lives. What we do to non-human females is the same: we control their bodies for reproduction in order to perpetuate the same old system of slavery.

And some women are complicit within the patriarchal system. Hillary Clinton is very much pro-war, another male invented concept which has always been about obtaining resources (including women, land and animals).  As part of the Clinton Foundation, Hillary didn’t denounce the fact that women within it are paid less than men. And of course, when women consume the bodies, milks and eggs of female animals, they are also participating in the sexual politics of meat.

Everything is connected and Trump’s disgusting behavior had the merit to open some discussion around at least sexism.

 

Sources:

  • In Shocking Tape Trump Boasts of Sexually Assaulting Women: « When You’re a Star…You Can Do Anything » – Democracy Now!
  • The Sexual Politics of Meat by Carol J. Adam on her website
  • The World Peace Diet by Dr. Will Tuttle at WorldPeaceDiet.com
  • Exclusive Pay Gap Alert: Clinton Foundation Male Execs Earn 38% More Than Women – The Daily Caller
  • Texas Women Are Inducing Their Own Abortions – The Atlantic

  • Expanding the Debate: Green Ajamu Baraka « Debates » Pence & Kaine in Democracy Now! Special – Part 1 and Part 2
  • Pamela Anderson & Paul Watson – On n’est pas couché 23 janvier 2016 #ONPC

Donald Trump picture, courtesy Pixabay.com, free photos stocks

 

© Copyright October 2016 – Vegan Empowerment/Veronique Perrot – All rights reserved. Unauthorized use and/or publication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given with appropriate and specific direction to the original content

Hello France!

Note: Ce blog est une continuation en parallèle de mon blog en Anglais Vegan Empowerment.

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En Mai 1997 à l’âge de 27 ans, j’ai déménagé aux USA et précisément sur Los Angeles. Jamais je n’aurai imaginé le parcours qui m’attendait. Je suis partie avec l’idée de naïvement réaliser « le rêve Américain » sans savoir à quel point cette illusion n’était vraiment que ça: une illusion. Vivre aux Etats-Unis est un parcourt du combattant et une bataille constante pour survivre (quand on a peu de moyens). Mais je suis une survivante et j’ai tenu bon jusqu’au moment où j’ai ressenti que j’avais fait « le tour du sujet » et que je n’avais plus rien à apprendre au pays de McDonald.

Mais je n’ai aucun regret. 18 ans de vie là-bas m’ont appris à vivre indépendamment et simplement. Cela m’a appris aussi à comprendre que rien ne nous tombe juste dans les mains dans la vie et qu’il faut se battre. Je suis passée par des moments de joie mais aussi de désespoir intense. Mais plus important, je suis devenue végane.

Comme on dit en Anglais: « I count my blessings ». Je suis reconnaissante des bienfaits que j’ai reçus et des leçons que j’ai apprises. J’ai eu le bonheur immense, en tant que végane, de rencontrer mes héros:

– le Dr. Will Tuttle (auteur du Best-seller « The World Peace Diet »), un homme incontournable dans la philosophie végane aux USA,

– le Capitaine Paul Watson (de Sea Shepherd), qui malgré son succès après sa série Whale Wars n’aurait pas été contre m’embarquer sur un de ses bateaux (Moi: « Capitaine, quelles qualifications faut-il pour aller sur vos bateaux? » – Paul: « Aucune qualifications! »),

Colleen Patrick-Goudreau, auteur et « speaker » extraordinaire à qui j’ai piqué joyeusement des idées,

– le Dr. Melanie Joy dont le livre sur le Carnisme (« Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs and Wear Cows ») est impossible à ignorer,

Carol J. Adams (auteur du classique « The Sexual Politics of Meat »), première féministe à avoir fait le lien entre la culture de la viande et la patriarchie et plein d’autres.

Je pourrais écrire des blogs entiers sur les extraordinaires penseurs(ses) que j’ai rencontrés pendant ces années dans cette « mecque » du Véganisme qu’est Los Angeles.

Bien entendu, Los Angeles n’est pas seule. New York et d’autres grandes villes sont des villes de rêve pour tout végan. Los Angeles à elle seule compte plus de 80 restaurants végans (pour environ 3 millions d’habitants) de la plage de Santa Monica jusqu’à la vallée d’Orange County. Je vivais à Hollywood et je pouvais commander et me faire livrer des pizzas véganes à domicile! Mais ce n’est que l’aspect superficiel de la vie aux USA.

Los Angeles est en fait une ville d’image (au sens propre comme au figuré) et de beaucoup d’égos. Et j’ai commencé à être désillusionnée par la superficialité de la pensée générale (chose que je n’ai pas constaté dans une ville comme San Francisco par exemple) et le militantisme et l’éducation végane me sont devenues pesantes dans un pays ultra-matérialiste, ultra-capitaliste et anti-social.

Peut-être que cela semble amer de ma part de parler de mon expérience Américaine en ces termes. Ce n’est seulement qu’une part de ce qu’est l’Amérique. En fait, j’aime beaucoup les Américains. Comme moi, ils sont extrêmes. Par exemple, d’un coté ils sont ultra puritains (pas moi), d’un autre ouvrir la télé est voir aussi l’extrême inverse. C’est un pays non seulement de grands extrêmes mais aussi de contradictions permanentes. Sur beaucoup de points, ils ont un grand cœur. Ce ne sont pas du tout des gens mauvais pour la plupart, juste manipulés et facilement utilisés par les pouvoirs qui dirigent leur pays.

Mais ils sont aussi capables d’avancer dans leurs idées. Le « boom » du Véganisme est l’exemple le plus flagrant. En seulement quelques années (moins de 10 ans), le Véganisme est passé d’une idée très marginale, comme ça l’est actuellement encore en France, à un mode de vie en grande partie très reconnu et même embrassé par les anciens Présidents et vice-présidents (pour des raisons de santé et d’écologie dans leur cas) comme Bill Clinton et Al Gore mais aussi par des végans éthiques comme l’acteur Tobey McGuire (de Spiderman) ou Joaquim Phoenix (qui a narré la version US de Earthlings ou « Terriens »).

Pourquoi je suis revenue en France? Cela prendrait un livre entier à expliquer et ce n’est pas important. Pour résumer: Après avoir acquis des diplômes en nutrition végétale et avoir appris tout ce que je pouvais apprendre (jusque là) de ce que veux dire être végane (surtout grâce à Will Tuttle), il était temps pour moi de regagner la patrie et de reconstruire ma vie en France (loin d’être simple quand vous ne savez pas ce qu’est une Carte Vitale!).

J’ai eu très peur (et j’ai beaucoup pleuré dans l’avion de Los Angeles à Londres) car je laissais 18 ans de vie derrière moi et je pensais que rentrer en France serait difficile en temps que végane. Mais en fait, ce n’est pas pire que de vivre dans un coin de l’Amérique plutôt reculé ou le mot végan éveille encore des idées d’extrémisme et d’étrangeté (oui dans certains Etats US, les végans sont encore d’une autre planète!).

La France est aussi paradoxale. D’un coté, nous avons la sacro-sainte cuisine Française révérée à travers le monde (dites que vous êtes Français à Los Angeles et vous comprendrez ce que je veux dire) et d’un autre coté une évolution des pensées envers le Véganisme (en particulier chez les jeunes) que je trouve extrêmement encourageante. Et, pour couronner le tout, je n’ai jamais eu autant de travail en tant que militante et éducatrice en nutrition végétalienne! Autant dire que rentrer en France s’est fait au moment propice. Le livre de Will Tuttle devrait aussi sortir en Français sous le titre « Nourrir La Paix » cette année et je l’attends avec trépidation car je suis impatiente de faire connaitre cette extraordinaire référence littéraire (son livre est considéré « le livre le plus important du 21ème siècle » ou « un des plus important du 21ème siècle » par plusieurs personnes notables).

Le livre référence de Gary Francione « Introduction au Droits des Animaux » vient de sortir en Français et c’est une référence de la pensée abolitioniste.

Je n’ai jamais trouvé être en France plus excitant! J’ai rencontré de nouveaux amis au travers de mon excellente amie Joëlle Verdier (que j’ai connue à Los Angeles et qui corrige mes anglicismes!) et grâce à elle j’ai pu voir qu’être militante ET végane en France n’est pas une impossibilité, bien au contraire.

Les prochains mois vont me garder très occupée. Mais je suis pleine d’espoir que les choses bougent en France. Ce n’est peut-être pas forcément visible mais après avoir eu des résultats positifs et voir que les médias discutent nos problèmes planétaires (même si ils disent souvent des imbécilités) est la preuve que certaines choses commencent à rentrer dans les consciences Françaises. Et n’oublions pas l’influence des Allemands et des Anglais (qui sont plus en avance que nous) ainsi que celle des Américains. Comme on dit aux USA, quand les choses démarrent en Californie, généralement elles suivent ailleurs.

Donc bye bye America, à bientôt, et bonjour la France!

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Photos:

1- Je fais du tractage sur la Place de la Comédie à Montpellier.

2- L’équipe de Droits des Animaux Sud pour la journée contre la fourrure/cuir et chasse, Place de la Comédie à Montpellier.

Références:

– Livre de Gary Francione aux Editions de l’Age d’Homme « Introduction aux Droits des Animaux »

– Livre de Will Tuttle sous le titre Français « Nourrir la Paix » sur Amazon en Septembre 2015.

– Photos de la conférence du Dr. Melanie Joy à Los Angeles.

– Photos de la visite de Carol J. Adams au « The National Museum of Animals and Society » de Los Angeles.

– Photos de la conférence de Will Tuttle à Pasadena, Californie et quand je l’ai rencontré à Santa Monica.

– Photos de la visite du Captaine Paul Watson à Santa Monica pour Whale Wars et sa récente visite à Montpellier.

Pour voir toutes mes photos au fil des années: Mes albums Facebook et mes videos sur YouTube.

© Copyright Avril 2015 – Vegan Empowerment Francophone/Veronique Perrot – Tout droits réservés. Toute utilisation et/ou publication non-autorisée de ce matériel sans l’autorisation verbale ou écrite de cette auteur et/ou de cette propriétaire est strictement interdite. Des extraits ou des liens peuvent être utilisés si un crédit clair et complet et donné avec une direction spécifique et appropriée vers le contenu original.

LIVING AMONG MEAT EATERS by Carol J. Adams

I previously read Carol J. Adams’ classic The Sexual Politics of Meat but didn’t review it (something I should correct!) and I consider it one of the best books ever. Carol J. Adams was justly inducted in the Animal Rights Hall of Fame at the Animal Rights Conference in 2011. I was there and that made me extremely happy.  So I went ahead and digged out a less known treasure she wrote a few years ago. The edition I have borrowed from my public library is from 2001.

One of the struggles of anyone going vegetarian/vegan for the first time (the author addresses both but with emphasis on vegans) has to do with dealing with peers. Parents, family, friends, co-workers, etc… have all known us for being… well.. « us » for so long that they suddenly have to face this new « us » which comes with new « conditions ». Thanksgiving is not the same anymore because we don’t want to eat the dead bird anymore, lunch with co-workers is done with them looking weirdly at the kale on our plate, etc… As the new « you » comes into play, also comes other peoples’ bad sides as they have to be faced with you not wanting to fit anymore. So how do you handle this new paradigm? For a lot of Vegans, making the shift makes us realize the suffering we never saw before. It makes us angry. Suddenly, we want to go out there and fight the good fight. We get angry at people who don’t « get it » and we forget that we were once in their shoes. That anger, for most of us, calms down and becomes transmuted into positive activism. For some, it is very hard to get past. What remains is the difficulty to deal with people who are judgmental, aggressive, and pretty much think we are freaks and to whom we have to deal with on a daily basis. So how do we do that? Well, that is when this terrific book from Carol J. Adams can be useful.

I must admit to having read it with great pleasure. It gave me new ideas, tools I had not though about in terms of relating intelligently with people who are not Vegans. As a (soon to be) Health Coach, it is also a valuable tool as it will help me take people on a journey towards their health by progressively going Vegans and open raise their consciousness to become more compassionate as well. My favorite point in the book is what she calls Being at peace and repairing the hole in our conscience. It is reminiscent of what Will Tuttle describes in his book The World Peace Diet regarding the conditioning we all have received since birth. Carol Adams explains that every non Vegan lives with a hole in his conscience because he misses that part of him/herself that relates to animals and compassion. Repairing the hole in the conscience means making the connection and wake up to the Vegan and animal lover within (i am paraphrasing). For us Vegans, it is vital to be at peace with our diet and not apologize for it. Who needs to apologize? meat eaters, not you. You are following your conscience. It doesn’t mean that you have to hurt them by being nasty and say things like « you’re a selfish meat head » even if we sometimes secretly desire to say so. One excellent reasoning (extract from the book) is this one:

« If you are at peace, maybe they, too, could be at peace living without meat.

If you are not at peace, why should they try?

Are you at peace?

If you are, how do you communicate that sense of peace?

If you aren’t, what is needed to discover a sense of peace? »

These arguments are all valid, I experienced them. I used to feel that I was on a mission to convert my co-workers (and the planet!) to Veganism in an agressive way, therefore taking the angry Vegan approach of pointing out how they ate dead carcasses at each meal. And even though the argument is true, it does not work. People get turned off. Being the example, being the motivator is what makes people ask questions. When I changed my attitude and became comfortable with being this real « me », people also changed a bit around me. People reflect what is in you. What is within, is outside too. For instance, an ex-collegue of mine suddenly got interested in my diet and started asking questions. So I loaned her the documentary « A Delicate Balance » (which I recommend by the way) and « Got the Facts on Milk » (another good one). She later told me that she actually went ahead and bought Kris Carr’s book « Crazy Sexy Diet » (Crazy Sexy Diet: Eat Your Veggies, Ignite Your Spark, and Live Like You Mean It! ) which kicks ass in terms of diet and what Kris thinks of animals. Another one sees me drink a big juice (freshly done with my juicer at home) at work each day. Once again, don’t push, let them come and they will ask. She said I was inspiring her to get healthy. So who knows? that may be a good sign (and her diet is McDonald’s). I get asked about what I eat almost each day and even though they may not change to Veganims soon, I am planting seeds which is a lot more efficient than being in their face with agressive words. As Carol Adams says, they are all « blocked Vegetarians » (Will Tuttle uses the term Pre-Vegan which is another variant on the meaning).

The biggest challenge of most Vegans is social, not being an activist. We are activists the moment we stop eating animals and their secretions. But it doesn’t stop there obviously. The way we relate to other people is what determine our effectiveness at spreading the message that Veganism is the way to free animals and ourselves. Carol quotes Mary Midgley at the beginning of her book. This quote sums up a lot of what we face on a daily basis:

« The symbolism of meat-eating is never neutral. To himself, the meat-eater seems to be eating life. To the Vegetarian, he seems to be eating death. There is a kind of gestalt-shift between the two positions which makes it hard to change, and hard to raise questions on the matter at all without becoming embattled. »

So it is a big point. Once again mirroring the fact that people are conditioned, they are also seeing the world in what seems upside down to us. We see them eat death and we try to open their eyes to that fact just to fall on deaf ears. What is the matter with them? Why don’t they get it? One way to cope with this is once again to see meat eaters as blocked vegetarians. « This person has a problem with my vegetarianism. It is their problem, not mine ». Think that way, and you will be more at peace. Vegans make meat eaters uneasy, that is inevitable as we appeal to their inner compassionate selves, the part of themselves that wants to remain comfortable and not disturbed. As the author points out, the mere fact of being in the room with non-vegans is already disturbing (if they are aware that you are vegetarians/vegans). She says it well: « People have many explanations for eating meat; vegetarians have heard all of them. If their explanations sound hollow, it may be because they are. For some people, their predicament is not so much that they choose to eat meat as that they have chosen not to change. As a result, interactions are often really about the nature of change – or, more precisely, not changing. » That is very true.

While Vegans can manifest their just anger for the suffering of animals, it is probably harder for them to deal with the anger they generate by being « different ». Look at this quoted Bumper Sticker in Texas: « Eat low on the food chaing. Barbecue a vegetarian. » or this one: « Vegetarians welcome… to watch us eat steak » (from a Minnesota Steak House). These are pure examples of blocked vegetarians, nihilists and people denying themselves. They have a Hole in their conciousness. There is not much we can do for these type but I have seen examples of what seems impossible. An episode of « 30 days » was about a hunter being asked to spend 30 days of his life among PETA Vegan activists and adopt their lifestyles. He accepts the challenge determined to not change and go home a happy meat eating hunter. During the process, he goes to PETA protests, helps rescue a calf (and nurtures him) and works in a Farm Animal sanctuary and get exposed to the animals. What is remarkable is how he transforms unwillingly during the 30 days of his new temporary life. By the time this is over, he still wants to go back hunting (sounded more like macho bravado than real desire to do so) but WE know he is not the same anymore. We SEE how he is transformed. That is the power of the truth. Another great example is the excellent documentary « Vegucated » which I highly recommend to show to non-Vegans. I agree with Carol that the people who are the most aggressive with you are probably the ones most susceptible to change. Their feelings are, as she points out, the most on the surface than people who casually dismiss Vegans as just freaks but don’t really bother them (or so they think). The more defensive the person, the more he or she feels guilty deep down and the more that person may change in the future. I see the defensiveness as a challenge, but a welcome one. That is hopeful.

The rest of Carol J. Adams’ book is filled with tips and good things to say in every situations from work to your sharing of the home kitchen. She goes into every aspects of the daily life, from raising kids, dealing with co-workers to living/loving a non-Vegan. You will not regret getting this book. It is a wonderful practical tool.